Posts tagged Ronan Farrow spies
American Genius - Hearst vs. Pulitzer | National Geographic Documentary

Fake News Origins

Yellow Journalism

“Yellow journalism and the yellow press are American terms for journalism* and associated newspapers that present little or no legitimate well-researched news while instead using eye-catching headlines for increased sales.* Techniques may include exaggerations* of news events, scandal-mongering, or sensationalism*. By extension, the term yellow journalism is used today as a pejorative to decry any journalism that treats news in an unprofessional or unethical fashion.*

“In English, the term is chiefly used in the US. In the UK, a roughly equivalent term is tabloid journalism*, meaning journalism characteristic of tabloid newspapers*, even if found elsewhere. Other languages, e.g. Russian*, sometimes have terms derived from the American term. A common source of such writing is called checkbook journalism*, which is the controversial practice of news reporters paying sources for their information without verifying its truth or accuracy. In the U.S. it is generally considered unethical, with most mainstream newspapers and news shows having a policy forbidding it. In contrast, tabloid newspapers and tabloid television shows, which rely more on sensationalism, regularly engage in the practice.*

Source: Wikipedia

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American Genius - Hearst vs. Pulitzer | National Geographic | HD 720P Documentary

The True Color of War

Yellow Press

“The term was coined in the mid-1890s to characterize the sensational journalism in the circulation war between Joseph Pulitzer's* New York World* and William Randolph Hearst's* New York Journal*. The battle peaked from 1895 to about 1898, and historical usage often refers specifically to this period. Both papers were accused by critics of sensationalizing the news in order to drive up circulation, although the newspapers did serious reporting as well. An English magazine in 1898 noted, "All American journalism is not 'yellow', though all strictly 'up-to-date' yellow journalism is American!"*

“The term was coined by Erwin Wardman, the editor of the New York Press.* Wardman was the first to publish the term but there is evidence that expressions such as "yellow journalism" and "school of yellow kid journalism" were already used by newsmen of that time. Wardman never defined the term exactly. Possibly it was a mutation from earlier slander where Wardman twisted "new journalism" into "nude journalism".* Wardman had also used the expression "yellow kid journalism"* referring to the then-popular comic strip* which was published by both Pulitzer and Hearst during a circulation war.* In 1898 the paper simply elaborated: "We called them Yellow because they are Yellow."*

Source: Wikipedia

The Yellow Kid * , published by both  New York World  and  New York Journal  •  Wikimedia Commons

The Yellow Kid*, published by both New York World and New York Journal Wikimedia Commons

19th-Century Fake News Defined

Yellow Press Newspapers

“Joseph Campbell describes yellow press newspapers as having daily multi-column front-page headlines covering a variety of topics, such as sports and scandal, using bold layouts (with large illustrations and perhaps color), heavy reliance on unnamed sources, and unabashed self-promotion. The term was extensively used to describe certain major New York City* newspapers around 1900 as they battled for circulation.*

“Frank Luther Mott* identifies yellow journalism based on five characteristics:*

  1. scare headlines in huge print, often of minor news

  2. lavish use of pictures, or imaginary drawings

  3. use of faked interviews, misleading headlines, pseudoscience*, and a parade of false learning from so-called experts

  4. emphasis on full-color Sunday supplements, usually with comic strips*

  5. dramatic sympathy with the "underdog" against the system.”

    Source: Wikipedia


Further Reading:

The Age-Old Problem of “Fake News” | History | Smithsonian

Propaganda by Edward Bernays (1928) - History Is A Weapon

How Implicit Bias Works In Journalism

Ronan Farrow looks at media crowd and says he sees liars

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The CIA and the Media - Carl Bernstein

EXCLUSIVE: Documents expose how Hollywood promotes war on behalf of the Pentagon, CIA and NSA –

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Hollywood - Ep 4 : Hollywood goes to War - YouTube

Artists Go To War!

History of Special Effects: Faking A Moon Landing In 1902 with French Illusionist Georges Méliès

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